Western Civilization Ch. 7 Study Guide “The Passing of the Roman World and the Emergence of the Medieval World”

The Late Roman Empire

1. Rome's "terrible 3rd century" was made terrible by what?

2. Describe the political, economic, and social policies of the restored empire under Diocletian and Constantine?

3. Who was the first emperor of the Roman Empire to convert to Christianity?

4. Christianity was made the official religion of the Roman Empire by which emperor?

5. Constantine's most enduring reform came in the creation of what?

6. What was provided for in the AD 313 Edict of Milan?

7. What was heresy?

8. What was accomplished by the Council of Nicea in AD 325?

9. What was essentially the border of the Western Roman Empire until barbarians began their assaults (300s)?

10. How did the Romans regard the people whom they called the Germans?

11. Which barbarian group actually sacked Rome itself in AD 410?

12. Who had the distinction of being the last Roman Emperor in the West?

The Germanic Kingdoms pp. 134-137

13. Which foreign peoples from East Asia moved into Germanic Europe in the AD 300s and stirred the Germans to seek refuge in the Roman Empire?

15. By what year was the Western Roman Empire being replaced politically by a series of kingdoms ruled by German Kings?

16. What was the German’s man religion?

17. What did the heresy of Arianism question?

The Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy

18. Which barbarian group crossed from Europe at Gibraltar into North Africa and subsequently reentered Europe only to sack Rome in AD 455 worse than it had been sacked in AD 410? .

19. Which was the Germanic tribe that most maintained Roman tradition and synthesized their culture with that of the Romans?

21. Theodoric was king of which barbarian group?

22. Who was the Ostrogothic King?

23. Theodoric died when?

24. Under which emperor did the Byzantine Empire reconquer Italy between 535 and 552?

25. Who reconquered much of Italy in the AD 500s?

The Visigothic Kingdom of Spain

26. In which country did the Visigoths settle and commingle their culture with that of the Romans?

27. What was the essential similarity between the Ostrogoths of Italy and the Visigoths of Spain?

28. Favored coexistence between the what populations?

29. Intermarriage laws were dropped and what peoples began to blend?

30. What was one fatal weakness of the Visigothic Kingdom?

31. Who destroyed the Visigothic Kingdom in A.D. 711?

The Frankish Kingdom

32. Which was the only German state on the continent which proved long-lasting?

33. Describe the Frankish kingdom.

34. Who established the Frankish Kingdom?

35. He was of what Dynasty? He became a Catholic Christian around 500A.D.

36. After Clovis’ death, his sons divided the newly created kingdom into what 3 major areas?

Anglo-Saxon England

37. Many Angles and Saxons from Denmark and northern Germany resettled where in the AD 400s and 500s?

38. From where did the Angles and Saxons originate?

39. After the death of Clovis, what became of the Frankish kingdom?

40. What did the Germans believe that the "ordeal" would accomplish?

41. Guilt under Germanic customary law was determined by what?

The Frankish Family and Marriage

42. Who were dominant and made all the important decisions.

43. Which females could hold property without a male guardian.

44. What sanctions was placed on adulterous women under Frankish marriage customs?

Development of the Christian Church pp. 138-143

45. On what basis did the bishops of Rome claim the paramount position in the church?

46. What were accomplishments of Pope Gregory the Great ?

47. Who was the father of hermitic monasticism?

48. Describe Benedictine monasticism.

49. What title did female heads of monasteries for women bear?

50. Describe Augustine's The City of God?

51. The Latin Father of the Church, Jerome, is known for what?

52. Chief apostle and the first bishop of Rome was?

53.Peter’s successors came to be know as?

54. Gregory I, was also know as?

55. Rome and its surrounding area, formed an administrative unit that eventually came to be know as?

56. What term means “one who lives alone?”

57. Idea based on the model of the solitary hermit who forsakes all civilized society to pursue spirituality.

58. Who established the fundamental form of monastic life in the western Christian church.

59. Benedict’s rule favored an ideal of?

60. Another word for abbot?

61. The British isles became an important center of?

62. Who was Pope Gregory’s most important agent?

63. The Christian feast of Christmas was held on December 25, this was?

64. Head of a convent or monastery for women?

65. A Christian writer form Carthage?

66. The title of papa has traditionally been given to whom?

67.What was the primary instrument used by Pope Gregory for converting the Germanic peoples?

68.Who developed the basic rule for western monastic living?

69. Describe Irish monasticism from the 6th through 8th centuries?

70.Augustine is remembered for what?

71. Who translated Scriptures into the Latin Vulgate?

72. What are the Liberal arts?- 7 areas of study that formed the basis of education.

73. The great Christian scholar of late antiquity, Cassiodorus, divided the 7 liberal arts into the trivium and quadrivium. What is Trivium?

74. What is Quadrivium?

The Byzantine Empire p. 143

75. How did Justinian treat the city of Constantinople?

76. What was Justinian's most important contribution to Western civilization?

77. Name major buildings in the city of Constantinople.

p. 147

78. What is the stone called that Arabian tribes worshiped in the city of Mecca?

A. the Allah stone  B. the Muhammad rock   C. the Ka'ba   D. the Blu'da'ba'de

79.T/F Islam means submission to the will of Allah.

80.T/F Followers of Muhammad became known as Muslims which means Muhammad's followers.

81. Muslims means what?

82. Which is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

A.Belief in Allah and his prophet Muhammad B. Pray 5 times a day and public prayer on Friday

C.Participating in a Jihad D. Going to Mecca once in your lifetime

83. What is a caliph?

The Rise of Islam p. 147
84.
Who was the Arabian peninsula dominated by? 
85. Who was the surpreme god?
 
86. How was Allah symbolized?
87. What did all the tribes worship?
88. Where was Muhammad born?
89. What did Muhammad begin to experience in his middle year?
90. What did Muhammad's teachings form?
91. What was the first Muslim community called?

92. What is Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in 622 known as what?

93. What are similarities between Christianity and Islam?

94. Do Muslims consider Muhammad or Jesus to be divine?

95. In Islam, what term means “Striving in the way of the Lord”?

96. What is the cardinal principle of the Islamic faith?

97. Some, though not all, Muslim societies abide by a strict code of law, much of it derived from the holy book Qur’an, and regulating all aspects of Muslim life.  What is this law code is called?

98. What was the result of the Battle of Tours in 732?