Ch. 3 Diversity “ Personal and Social Barriers to Success”  pp. 42-73 

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I.                   Intro p. 78

a.      personal barriers  (what are yours?)  T/F According to the text, personal barriers refer to those factors that are external to a person and impede her or his success.

b.      social barriers   What is the difference between personal and social barriers? Give one example of each.

II.                6 Barriers to Success p. 79

Barrier 1.  Limited Perceptions

1.      perceptions p. 80

2.      selective perception p. 81

3.      Limited perceptions work against us for what reasons? (4) p. 82

Barrier 2. Ethnocentrism p. 82

Chart p. 83.  Who is most and least ethnocentric?  Why?

1.      T/F When we show ethnocentrism, we use our own cultural standards to determine what is right or normal.

2.      T/F Ethnocentrism is universal.

3.      Middle kingdom and Mediterranean

Barrier 3. Stereotypes p. 86

1.      attractiveness stereotype p.87

2.      Are we more aware of stereotypes in others or ourselves? P. 88

3.      Impressions of other racial or ethnic groups are usually positive or negative?  Why?

4.      stereotype vulnerability p.89 What is meant by stereotype vulnerability?  Give an example.

5.      Race Matters, Cornel West

6.      T/F  The assumption that all Whites cannot be trusted is an example of a stereotype.

Barrier 4. Prejudice p. 91   Gk.  PRE judgment and MIS judgement.

Explain the difference between prejudice and discrimination.

1.      racial profiling

2.      A. Einstein: common sense p. 92

3.      See prejudice in others, not ourselves—why?  Examples?

4.      Examples: post 9/11, Sikhs, Tim McVeigh, VT shooter

5.      Results of prejudice?  (5) p. 94

6.      xenophobia

7.      coping fatique? P. 95

8.      T/F Xenophobia refers to people’s unreasonable fear of foreigners.

9.      T/F Prejudice is learned.

Barrier 5. Prejudice Plus Power p. 96

1.      racism p. 97

a.      T/F In comparison to Whites, Blacks in the U.S. are more apt to see racism as built into social institutions.

2.      institutional racism p. 98

a.      T/F According to interviews conducted by Dina Temple-Raston, Blacks living in Jaspar, Texas, generally viewed the death of James Byrd as the work of a few, racist troublemakers. P. 99

b.      Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?  By Beverly Tatum

c.       No Future Without Forgiveness, Bishop Desmond Tutu, (Nobel Laureate)

Barrier 6. Discrimination p. 100

1.      Combinations of  prejudice and discrimination

a.      prejudiced discriminator

b.      prejudiced nondiscriminatory p. 101

c.       unprejudiced discriminator

d.      unprejudiced nondiscriminatory

Explain and give an example of each of the four combinations of prejudice and discrimination.

2.      Blatant vs. subtle discrimination. Examples?

3.      Individual vs. institutional discrimination  Distinguish between the 2 types and and give an example of each.

a.      Denny’s, Hurrican Katrina

4.      Intra group vs. intergroup: Distinguish and give examples.  albinism

a.      T/F Discrimination refers to an opinion that is both irrational and inflexible.

b.      T/F Intragroup discrimination occurs between groups, while intergroup discrimination occurs within groups.

c.       T/F Prejudice always leads to discrimination.

d.      Two Nations, Andrew Hacker

List, explain, and give an example of each of the six barriers to success.

III.             Overcoming Diversity Barriers p. 105

a.      pyramiding effect p. 105 Joe Feagin

b.      Strategy

1.      Recognize existence of barriers

2.      Develop and maintain self pride

3.      Develop and maintain pride in culture

4.      Speak out if possible

5.      Be patient with the prejudiced

6.      Fine- tune your anger

7.      resist the urge to scapegoat p. 109

8.      focus on the behavior rather than the person

9.      Seek out others for support

10.  Work with others

11.  Combat your own ignorance and intolerance

                                                ii.      T/F When we scapegoat, we unfairly blame others for our own problems.

                                              iii.      T/F A “culture of victimization” encourages us to look for simple answers to complex problems. P. 111

                                              iv.      Examples of “survival kits?” p. 112

1. Those factors that are external to an individual and stand in the way of an individual’s success are known as _____.

2. In discussing personal and social barriers to success, the author of our text discusses the role of _____, or the way we receive and interpret information from our senses.

3. _____is derived from two Latin words – prae (“before”) and judicum (“a judgment“).

4. Racism, sexism, and classicism illustrate the interconnection between prejudice and_____

5. The cumulative impact of encounters with prejudice, discrimination, and other barriers is known as the _____